Ophelia Eléna February 12, 2021 Spreadsheet
Fixed expenses. The expenses that do not vary every month are called fixed expenses, which include your loan payments, rental fees, and insurance premiums. Total income and expenses. When using a monthly budget spreadsheet, you will need to get your total income, total variable expenses, and total fixed expenses. Get the sum of the fixed and variable expenses and then deduct it from your total income. The resulting amount is called the disposable income, which can be used for savings or as an emergency fund. In case your expenses are higher than your income, you will have to make some adjustments in the amounts you allotted in your variable expenses.
The first consideration is how clear and accurate the Excel formulas are. The keys here are easy accessibility and logical flow of the formulas. That means they should be either directly coded in the spreadsheet cells or written in an accessible VBA module, open to the user to view and change. Both of these approaches provide the ability to audit and test the formulas without requiring complex actions on the end user‘s part.
I get a great feeling every time I achieve a goal, whether I made it a week ago, or 5 years ago. There comes a certain satisfaction when you reach a successful point in your life. Making goals is critical for a fulfilling life. When it comes to finance, if you want to successfully plan your money, you need to make goals.
Also, how long is your investment horizon? Is it really that important to you to project out to 30 years or is 3‐5 years sufficient along with a terminal value that represents the expected NPV beyond 5 years? Usually this latter approach works best and looks the most credible to potential investors. There are numerous ways to calculate terminal value including multiples, current market values projected forward, and round guesstimates. Obviously these decisions are affected by your personal preference and the type of investment for which you‘re calculating present value.
Examples of third party evidence would be sales invoices, purchases invoices and bank statements. Financial transactions where no receipt exists can still be entered in the business books although all transactions not carrying third party evidence could subsequently be disallowed for tax purposes and certainly would be if the amounts entered indicated unusual income or expenditure.
Since this is a residential rental apartment building it makes sense to include rental income in your real estate spreadsheet. That‘s obvious. What isn‘t so obvious are things like interest on tenant deposits, subsidies, tax refunds, etc. When you‘re building the spreadsheet you need to estimate when those revenues will arrive, and that relates to the number of tenants, the rental rates you charge, how long the lease term is for each tenant, etc. You also need to assume some late payments, evictions, and vacant units. If you haven‘t invested in the area before this can be a challenge. You can gather data on that by speaking with local real estate agents, lenders, and tax agencies, or subscribe to an industry database that covers the local area.